Lully’s Atys: Brilliant Production of Opera Where Drama Outshines Music

24/09/2011

 Jean-Baptiste Lully, Atys: Soloists, Les Arts Florissants, William Christie (conductor). Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York 20.9.2011 (SSM)

Coproduction Opéra Comique, Brooklyn Academy of Music, Théâtre de Caen, Opéra National de Bordeaux, Les Arts Florissants

Direction: Jean-Marie Villégier
Choreography: Francine Lancelot (original), Beatrice Massin (revival)

An earlier performance of Atys in Bordeaux was reviewed by my colleague, José MªIrurzun, here:  Atys

 

Anna Reinhold, Ed Lyon,Ingrid Perruche. Photo credit: Stephanie-Berger

Much has been said and written about the performers and the staging of William Christie’s production of Lully’s masterful opera Atys. And rightly so: last evening’s performance at BAM was as close to perfect as can be imagined.

What struck me most was how well this production’s disparate patches were sewn together into a seamless whole. Although the text was written by the renowned dramatist Philippe Quinault, it is likely that it was Lully in collaboration with King Louis XIV who chose the topic and made the dramatic decisions. If this was not quite a Wagnerian one-man show, it came very close to being one.

Most operas are dominated by the music. Even in operas with tightly integrated music, drama and dancing – Wagner’s, for example – it’s the music that is at the forefront. In Atys the musical demands are less important than the dramatic ones.  None of the singers are required to go beyond their given tessitura. Countertenors are not needed: none of the music requires that voice range. Most of the recitatives are sung as ordinaire, accompanied not by the orchestra but by a keyboardist and plucked string bass instrument. Long recitatives without orchestral accompaniment can make for very dry stretches, and this was the case in the first two acts where much time was spent vocalizing the play’s exposition. Appropriately perhaps, recitativo secco is another expression used for this kind of oration.

This focus on drama as opposed to music helps explain the opera’s popularity with viewers who might find Lully’s music in his other works for stage impenetrable or tedious. Thinking back to 1994 when I saw Christie’s production of Charpentier’s Médée at BAM, it was the music that dominated. Perhaps that is why Médée has not had the popularity of Atys, although it is regarded as musically superior even by Christie himself. He states in the book accompanying his second recording of Médée that of all his fully staged productions, including Atys, Médée is the one that’s most important, the one whose effect on the staging of music is “immeasurable.”

As for the choreography, it would be interesting to see how the brilliant dancing that was done in this production compares to Christie’s 1986 premiere. The discoveries made in the area of Baroque choreography over the last two decades have been substantial.  For one thing, we’ve learned that Baroque choreography was as concerned with the matter and manner of gesture, arm positions and pantomime as it was with ballet movements themselves, and this production successfully incorporated these advances.

Here then is true drama – love, jealousy, revenge, murder, trickery and remorse – which is what keeps our attention for four hours. From the traditional opening prologue, which, like those of other Baroque operas, has little to do with what follows, to the frozen character left on stage as the final curtain descended, it was the drama that we were most focused on. This becomes even clearer to the viewer when the company takes its bows and curtsies, with the prominent members of the cast doing so individually. Would you recognize every performer and the role each played? Would you remember which singer sang which aria in what act? This is not a criticism of the production, but is the result of following Lully’s wishes to the letter.

Ed Lyon,Emmanuelle de Negri Photo Credit: Stephanie Berger

Baroque opera, like any musical genre, takes time to appreciate. Christie has done us a service by discovering this old-new musical source, and the influence of his original production of Atys on the classical music scene can not be underestimated. Christophe Rousset, Mark Minkowski, Hugo Reyne and Hervé Niquet, all former members of Les Arts Florissants, have made successful careers as conductors of Baroque groups and have all done productions and recordings of French Baroque music. Inspired by Christie, these conductors have clearly wiped away the notion that French Baroque music is nothing more than music for the dilettante, pompous music used mainly to open BBC television programs.

Stan Metzger

                                                             

 

Print Friendly

Comments

Comments are closed.

Recent Reviews

Facebook-button-1

Season Previews

__________________________________
  • NEW! Saffron Opera Completes its Ring with Götterdämmerung __________________________________
  • NEW! Anna Netrebko and Yusif Eyvazov’s Return to London in May 2018 __________________________________
  • NEW! St John’s Smith Square announces its 2017/18 Season __________________________________
  • NEW! Bayreuther Festspiele 2017 – Operas, Symposium, Concerts, Cinema and More __________________________________
  • NEW! Summer Music in Cincinnati 2017 __________________________________
  • NEW! The Pierre Boulez Saal’s 2017/18 Season in Berlin __________________________________
  • NEW! The National Gilbert and Sullivan Opera Company – 2017 Season __________________________________
  • NEW! Birmingham and Beyond: Ex Cathedra in 2017/18 __________________________________
  • NEW! The Glyndebourne Opera Cup and Glyndebourne in 2018 __________________________________
  • NEW! The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra’s 2017/18 Season __________________________________
  • NEW! English National Opera’s 2017/18 Season __________________________________
  • UPDATED! Culture and the Coast: Garsington’s Opera for All and Forthcoming Opera Screenings __________________________________
  • NEW! 2017 BBC Proms from Friday 14 July – Saturday 9 September __________________________________
  • NEW! The Royal Opera House Announces its 2017/18 Season __________________________________
  • Subscribe to Review Summary Newsletter

    Reviews by Reviewer

    News and Featured Articles

    __________________________________
  • NEW! The National Theatre Dares You to Engage with This Show __________________________________
  • NEW! HOW TO CONTACT SEEN AND HEARD INTERNATIONAL __________________________________
  • NEW! CATRIONA MORISON WINS BBC CARDIFF SINGER OF THE WORLD 2017 __________________________________
  • NEW! ANGELA BROWNRIDGE IN CONVERSATION WITH ROBERT BEATTIE __________________________________
  • NEW! Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich Announces New Chief Conductor __________________________________
  • NEW! THE GREAT CANADIAN ARTISTS: AN INTERVIEW WITH VIOLINIST JAMES EHNES __________________________________
  • NEW! PIANIST KIRILL GERSTEIN IN CONVERSATION WITH GEOFFREY NEWMAN __________________________________
  • NEW! IN MEMORIAM LOUIS FRÉMAUX (1921-2017) __________________________________
  • NEW! Robert Farr reports on the 26th Annual Singing Competition Final – Elizabeth Harwood Memorial Award for Singers __________________________________
  • UPDATED IN MEMORIAM NICOLAI GEDDA (1925-2017) __________________________________
  • NEW! BARITONE MICHAEL VOLLE IN CONVERSATION WITH MICHAEL COOKSON __________________________________
  • Archives by Week

    Archives by Month

    Search S&H